Economic Freedom Fighters supporters protest at the Pretoria CBD during a State capture march on November 02, 2016

An preliminary report into corruption below President Jacob Zuma in 2016 led to massive demonstrations calling for him to resign

After the damning findings of an inquiry laid naked the looting of billions of {dollars} from South Africa’s state coffers below his predecessor, President Cyril Ramaphosa vowed it ought to “never [be] allowed to happen again”.

However South Africans aren’t so positive that classes can be learnt.

They’re offended that the stolen cash ought to have been spent on supporting the nation’s beleaguered well being service and training system.

The mammoth inquiry into corruption throughout the presidency of Jacob Zuma revealed how virtually each arm of the state was suffocated and left bankrupt by leaders of the African Nationwide Congress (ANC), which has ruled the nation for the reason that finish of white-minority rule in 1994.

The report is an enormous indictment of the occasion. President Ramaphosa himself was within the firing line with the judge-led panel stating that he ought to have accomplished extra to forestall the graft whereas he was Zuma’s deputy.

Over 5,000 pages, the Zondo fee – named after its chairperson Chief Justice Raymond Zondo – goes into forensic element about the best way state assets had been plundered.

It additionally exhibits how the rich businessmen, the Gupta brothers, tried to affect political and financial choices in a course of referred to as “state capture”.

Zuma was ousted in February 2018 below the cloud of mounting corruption allegations and Mr Ramaphosa, took over, pledging a clean-up.

The ultimate volumes of the report that resulted from the Zondo fee had been handed over on Wednesday. The president described what was discovered as “an assault on our democracy, [violating] the rights of all South Africans”.

However a part of the report’s conclusions leaves the present president with inquiries to reply about why he stood by.

“There was surely enough credible information in the public domain… to at least prompt him to inquire and perhaps act on a number of serious allegations.

“Because the Deputy President, he absolutely had the duty to take action,” the report said.

South Africa President Ramaphosa Zondo Commission, Johannesburg - 22 Jun 2022

Chief Justice Raymond Zondo (L) handed the final volumes of his report to President Cyril Ramaphosa on Wednesday

Initially slated to take place over 180 days, the hearings stretched to more than 400 days during which more than 300 witnesses testified. The whole process took nearly four years.

The evidence revealed how ANC leaders, including former and current government ministers, allegedly participated or encouraged looting at a massive cost to the country.

This included crippling the country’s revenue service, bringing the national carrier South African Airways to its knees, looting the agency that runs the country’s passenger railways, and interfering with the public broadcaster, the SABC.

The secret service was also weakened through the appointment of senior spies who prevented investigations from taking place at the behest of Zuma and others who were seen as close to him.

“The blurring of strains between the ANC and the state was laid naked, occasion pursuits had been prioritised, essential authorities departments had been used for the good thing about people, leading to manipulation and political influences,” said South African political analyst Dr Mcebisi Mdletyana.

In a damaging finding made by Judge Zondo, this is further clarified. “The ANC below Zuma permitted, supported and enabled corruption.”

To try and cushion the blow to the governing party’s tainted reputation, the ANC released a statement, expressing its appreciation to the commission for the work done and said it would engage with its findings and “take steps to handle these”.

South Africans started to see the glaring signs of top-level corruption as well as the culture of undue influence and impunity in 2013. This was when Zuma allowed the Gupta brothers and their guests to land a commercial plane at a military base to attend a wedding.

This was a clear breach of national security. Questions began to be asked about how it could have happened and how much influence the Gupta family had over the state.

Other revelations followed and in 2016, South Africa’s Public Protector Thuli Madonsela released a report that detailed the connections between the Guptas and the government. She recommended the setting up of a judicial commission.

The commission, which began its work in 2018, heard how the Gupta brothers – Ajay, Rajesh and Atul – allegedly orchestrated widespread corruption with Zuma’s help.

They deny any wrongdoing.

Image shows Atul Gupta with Jacob Zuma

Atul Gupta (L) seen here with then-President Jacob Zuma in 2011

The commission showed how Zuma’s son, Duduzane, was the “conduit between the Guptas and authorities and took half in awarding authorities contracts to Gupta-linked firms”.

Duduzane Zuma maintains his innocence.

The report also revealed how Zuma colluded with the country’s former spy chief Arthur Fraser to halt an investigation into the Gupta family in 2011, paving the way for the emptying of the government purse.

The South African authorities are currently working on having the Gupta brothers extradited from the UAE to answer for their alleged crimes. They were arrested earlier this month in Dubai following an Interpol red notice.

But others, including some of the ANC’s most powerful officials, should also face charges of corruption, fraud and money laundering, according to the Zondo commission.

President Ramaphosa said the recommendations made by the commission will be implemented at the appropriate time.

When asked if action would be taken against members of his cabinet who have been implicated, he says he will “kind a view inside 4 months” and plans would then be presented to parliament.

The test is whether there will be action.

“If South Africa is critical about preventing corruption… those that’ve been implicated [will be] criminally charged and efficiently prosecuted, [then] a ok firewall within the battle towards corruption would’ve been put in place,” mentioned Dr Mdletyana.

However corruption instances are identified to pull on for years with many delays and the Nationwide Prosecuting Authority will have to be higher resourced to do that.

The truth that Zuma continues to be standing trial for corruption allegations regarding an arms deal made greater than 20 years in the past – lengthy earlier than he grew to become president – exhibits how lengthy the method can final.

Additionally, corruption allegations have swirled across the Ramaphosa authorities, notably in the best way cash was spent throughout the Covid emergency.

Some analysts have in contrast the Zondo fee to the work of the nation’s Reality and Reconciliation Fee (TRC), which was set as much as examine the crimes that happened below apartheid.

The hope was that Zondo would draw a line below authorities corruption, however as with the TRC, there’s a worry that the suggestions is not going to be acted on.

As for the ANC, with lower than two years to go till the following common election, the as soon as superb and trusted former liberation motion is liable to shedding large assist.

Moreover, the proposal by Choose Zondo that election guidelines be amended to permit for South Africans to instantly elect a president as a substitute of utilizing the occasion system might be devastating for the occasion which has been in energy since 1994.

His findings have pushed South Africans to ask if an ANC-backed president might be trusted to uphold his oath of workplace and put the nation first.

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